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[生活] 托福语法:冠词要点分享

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发表于 2020-3-15 14:00:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

  下面与大家分享托福语法冠词要点解析

  有关冠词的考题在TOEFL测试中所占比例较小,但出现频率较高,而且是单一题型反复再现,即不定冠词a和an混淆错用。这类题目全部集中在Written Expression(16-40题)中。其次,定冠词the的用法也是考试范围。

  冠词常考题型及解题要点

  1.不定冠词a与an的区别

  解题要点 “a”后面接以辅音开始的字词“an”后面接以元音开始的字词。当A、B、C、D四个选择答案中出现有a或an,应首先察看它后面的单词,以判断此不定冠词是否正确。

  全真例题分析

  (1) The Montreal International Exposition,“Expo. 67”was applauded for displaying an degree of taste superiorto that of similar expositions.

  (答案) B 改为a degree。

  (2) If a atom loses any of its electrons, it becomes positively charged and can combinechemically with other atoms.

  (答案) A改为an atom

  (3) Since the beginning of this century theUnited States government has played an role in the supervision and use of thenation’s natural resources.

  (答案) A改为a role

  (4) A electric current can consist of chargesthat are positive, negative, orboth.

  (答案) A 改为An election

  2. 可数名词前面通常要有冠词或其它限定形容词, 非泛指的可数名词一般不能独立存在。

  全真例题分析

  (1) A march is highly rhythmic piece of musicfirst used by military bands to accompany marching. (94.1)

  (答案) A 名词短语 piece of music 前面应加不定冠词:a highly rhythmic piece of music

  (2) The sonometer is instrument used to studythe mathematical relations of harmonic tones. (93.8)

  (答案) A改为an instrument,instrument为可数名词,前面应有冠词。

  (3) Accounting is described as art ofclassifying, recording, andreporting significant financial events.

  (答案) A 名词art,表示“一门艺术”这个概念时,应加冠词。此句应改为an art。

  3.冠词的错误使用或遗漏

  全真例题分析

  (1) The Yukon River,which fllows into the Baring Sea, gives its name to aregion of Alaska and a territory of the Canada.

  (答案) D删掉定冠词the. Canada是专有名词,无需加冠词。表示“国家”“城市”“人物”等概念的专有名词前不加冠词。

  (2) Langston Hughes,a prolific writer of the 1920’s was concerned with the depicting the experienceof urban Black people in the United States.

  (答案) C 删除冠词the。动名词前不应加冠词。特别是当这个动名词带有宾语,它的动词属性更强烈,因而不能加冠词。

  (3) Some geologists predict that, by end of the next century, movement alongthe San Andreas Fault will have caused part of California to separate from thecontinent (88.1)

  (答案) A 加入定冠词the,组成固定短语bythe end。含冠词的词组不能随意删除或更换。

  (4) At a first, thescientific method may appear to be a narrow and restrictive way of gaining (89.10)

  (答案) A 删除不定冠词a。At first为固定短语结构,不能随意添入冠词。

  (5) Seven of planets rotate in the samedirection as their orbital motions, while Venus andUranus rotate in the opposite direction. (91.8)

  (答案) A 此句的planets特指太阳系中的九大行星,故应加入定冠词the,即Seven of the planets……。

  更多知识点也可关注下北京新东方的托福系列课程~

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